Count Me If You Can: Enumerating QUIC Servers Behind Load Balancers

Kashyap Thimmaraju, Björn Scheuermann


QUIC is a new transport protocol over UDP which is recently became an IETF RFC. Our security analysis of the Connection ID mechanism in QUIC reveals that the protocol is underspecified. This allows an attacker  to count the number of server instances behind a middlebox, e.g., a  load balancer. We found 4/15 (~25%) implementations vulnerable to  our enumeration attack. We then concretely describe how an attacker  can count the number of instances behind a load balancer that either uses Round Robin or Hashing.

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